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Via the Simple Search, you can search across all catalogues and all search fields. If you enter several search terms, they will be linked by AND.
The search bar on the welcome page as well as the search box in the main navigation bar provide the same function.
Selecting Advanced Search, you can use five search fields to refine your query. You can assign different categories to the search fields and combine them using the Boolean operators.
For each search field you can choose a category using the drop-down list. The options are:
Display of the results and access to the publications
You can sort the results of your query in different ways. The default setting is by publishing year (descending).
Use the drop-down list to choose one of the options:
When searching across all data sources (catalogues, bibliographies, directories), your results can be books, articles, journals, websites, etc.
In the hit list, you see the bibliographic records of the resources that fulfil your search criteria. For each record, you have a short and a detailed version. The short version comprises the title, information about the author or editor, and data source (i.e. name of the catalogue).
If you choose Show details, you will see additional information, e.g. ISBN, URL, Country, publication language (Written in), Abstract or Keyword. The amount of the available information can vary across data sources and resource types.
Under the entries in the hit list, you can find different buttons that facilitate the access to the resource. What kind of access you have depends on the resource type and the data source. If alternative options exist, they will be shown simultaneously.
Functions of the buttons
Link to the full text or the website
The colour codes correspond to the established traffic light system (see below) of the Electronic Journals Library (Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek, EZB).
The article is published in an open access journal; this is a link to the journal via the EZB; you can find the full text on the journal’s website.
The article is published in a subscription-based electronic journal that has been licensed by your institution; this is a link to the journal via the EZB; you can find the full text on the journal’s website.
The article is published in a subscription-based electronic journal; the full text is not accessible since your institution does not own a licence; the abstract may be freely availabe .
The status of the journal where the article is published could not be determined; this is a link to the journal’s record in the EZB that can provide additional information.
Link to the Zeitschriftendatenbank (ZDB); you can see here which German or Austrian libraries have holdings of the print journal.
Starts a Germany-wide search in the union catalogues. You will find out which libraries possess the book.
Starts an availability check in the Karlsruhe Virtual Catalog. You will find out in which library networks the book is available.
Link to subito, a fee-based document delivery service of German, Swiss, and Austrian libraries. You can order a copy of an article or a book chapter. Subito will deliver the copy directly to your home within 24 to 72 hours.
Please note that in order to use the full functionality you have to be in the IP range of your institution or to log in with your institutional account respectively.
Using filters to refine your results
After completing a simple or advanced search, you can refine your results further using filters. In the Refine your search area, you will find the available filter functions:
Limiting the search to selected catalogues
The Catalogue search facilitates the simultaneous search in several data sources (Catalogues, Bibliographies, Linked Open Data catalogues, Online resources, Open access documents).
The default setting is a search across all integrated sources. You can, however, change the setting and limit your search to one or several catalogues. For this purpose, use the checkboxes in the list of the integrated data sources.
Next to each catalogue name, you see an information icon that links to a short description of the data source.
In the Journal directory, you can search for linguistically relevant journals and not for individual articles. In order to search for individual articles, please go to the website of the respective journal.
The search mask comprises six search fields. You decide how many search fields to use and how to combine them. You have to use at least one search field in order to start a query. The default setting is the option All fields.
Use the drop-down boxes to choose a category for the search fields:
Examples for possible queries
Example 1: If you enter "linguistics" in the search field with category Title, you will find all journals whose titles contain the word "linguistics".
Example 2: If you enter "Computational linguistics" in the search field with category Subject, you will find all journals with focus on computational linguistics.
Example 3: If you search for journals with focus on Arabic linguistics whose articles are written in German, you can use a combined query: Language "Arabic" AND Written in "German".
Display of the results and access to the full text
The query results are sorted alphabetically. Each hit is a journal’s bibliographic record.
The short version of the record contains the title, the homepage URL as well as information on the categories Subject, Language (object language) and Written in (publication language).
Select Show details if you want to see the detailed version of the record. It contains additional information such as Subject area, Keyword, Publisher. Via Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek (EZB), you can find additional information such as details about the access to different volumes. Institutions with full text access shows which libraries have licensed the respective journal.
In the hit list, you see a traffic light symbol in front of each journal title. The traffic light system indicates your access to the full text of the journal articles:
Free access to full text
Full text accessible via your institution
Full text not accessible (usually tables of content and abstracts are accessible)
The access to the journal content varies depending on the volume. The full text is accessible for some volumes, but not for other.
If you use the search functions outside your university or institution, e.g. at home, make sure to log in with your user account into your library system. Only after logging in, the yellow traffic light can be shown. The yellow traffic light shows if your library has licensed the journal you need. This information can be processed only if you are within the IP range of a given institution.
Limit results to freely available sources is a special feature of the Journal directory. You can activate it through the checkbox under the search mask.
Browsing the Journal directory
You can browse by selected categories:
Numerous publications from the Bibliography of Linguistic Literature (BLL) are interlinked with the language corpus described in the respective publication.
For this purpose, corpus records were created and integrated in the Catalogue search. You can conveniently filter the search results using the resource type Corpus.
Example: If you start a Simple Search with the phrase “Early Modern English”, you will find articles, books and journals as well as corpora. Choosing the filter Type, you will see the number of hits sorted according to resource type. By selecting Corpus, you will get to the list of the relevant corpora.
Each corpus record has a short and a detailed version.
In the short version you can see
All corpus URLs are provided as active links – with a single click you can navigate to the web presence of a given corpus.
In the detailed version you can also find
The links between a corpus and its corresponding publications are bidirectional. Provided such links exist, they are also visible in the detailed versions of the publications’ records (as hyperlinks pointing to the corpus record in the field Corpus used), e.g.
The diachrony of "the fact that"-clauses
In: English studies. - Abingdon : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group 100 (2019) 1-2, 220-239
Corpus used: Corpus of Late Modern English Texts (Version 3.0)
The Lin|gu|is|tik portal is interlinked with Linked Open Data (LOD). Numerous language resources are integrated in the portal using this interlinking. The LOD search gives you the opportunity to specifically search for these resources.
The LOD search corresponds to a Simple Search limited to Linked Open Data catalogues. General information about the Advanced Search, the display of the results, and the use of filters is provided in the section Catalogue search.
Linked Open Data catalogues
The catalogue Annohub comprises resources that underwent an automated analysis with regard to object language and annotation scheme. The obtained metadata is stored in the Annohub-Repository (for more information please go to section LOD search: Background information).
All referenced resources are freely available and can be downloaded directly. Some of the resources are "genuine" LOD resources, i.e. both content and metadata are modelled according to LOD principles. Many of the corpora, however, are available in XLM or CoNLL format and provide only metadata as LOD.
The formal metadata (title, author, etc.) is adopted from portals such as LingHub and CLARIN-VLO.
The short version of an Annohub record comprises the title, and, if specified, the author of the resource. In the detailed version, you can find additional information such as Abstract (short description), Keyword (metadata with regard to language and annotated linguistic phenomena), URL (download link), and Mime-Type (Internet Media Type).
When using the filter functions please consider the following particularities:
When querying the catalogue Annohub, we recommend using search terms such as
Examples for possible queries
Example 1: If you enter "auxiliary" in the search field, you will find language resources (corpora, dictionaries, or lexicons) that annotate auxiliary verbs.
Example 2: If you enter "Finnish" in the search field, you will find language resources that have Finnish as object language.
Example 3: If you search for Arabic language resources that include annotations of the syntactic structure, you can use a combined query: All fields "Arabic" AND Keyword "syntax".
Please note that the search for concrete examples in a given corpus or dictionary requires knowledge of appropriate query languages (e.g. SPARQL for resources in RDF format).
The term Linked Data refers to a set of best practices for publishing structured data on the Web.
Linked Data builds upon the following Web standards:
Linked Open Data refers to open data designed according to Linked Data principles.
Linguistic Linked Open Data (LLOD) refers to freely available, linguistically relevant resources such as corpora, lexicons, dictionaries, thesauri, knowledge bases, typological databases, and terminology or metadata repositories, designed according to Linked Data principles. For details and examples, please go to https://linguistic-lod.org.
Interlinking the Lin|gu|is|tik portal with LOD
The thesaurus of the Bibliography of Linguistic Literature (BLL Thesaurus) plays a key role in the interlinking of the Lin|gu|is|tik portal with LOD. There are several reasons for this: Being an integral part of the bibliography the thesaurus is extensively interlinked with publications; simultaneously, it provides the basis for the standardised vocabulary used for classifying and indexing within the Lin|gu|is|tik portal.
In order to serve as a connecting point for LOD, the BLL Thesaurus was modelled according to Linked Data principles and linked to terminology repositories in the LLOD cloud (see BLL LOD Edition). Currently, links to the repositories OLiA, Lexvo, and Glottolog are available:
Using these links, resources that, for their part, are linked to OLiA, Lexvo, or Glottolog can be integrated in the Lin|gu|is|tik portal.
In the framework of FID Linguistik, routines were developed for the integration of online available language resources that provide metadata as LOD. The process employs Semantic Web technologies and methods of computational linguistics:
The Annohub data serves as basis for the indexing of the resources and their integration in the Lin|gu|is|tik portal.